Common Causes Of Ear Infections & How To Treat Them

An ear infection is not something that you should disregard. Though most cases of it will go away on its own even without treatment, it still important to make sure that you get yourself or your loved one thoroughly checked just to be sure.

Did you know that acute ear infections account for over 29 million visits to the doctor each year? Middle ear infection or acute otitis media is the most common illnesses among children and babies under 6 years old.

The most common symptoms include throbbing pain, earache, a fever, inflammation, fluid leaking out, and redness. But the real question is what are the causes of ear infections? Knowing what they are will lead us to be more vigilant in preventing them before anything serious happens.


Three Common Causes

Children below 6 are usually the ones who develop ear infections. But the causes are not as complicated as you think they are. They can usually be infected from day care centers, swimming pools, other outdoor activities, and simply from allergies.

Let’s talk about each contributing cause. First, the common cold, flu, or another infection could be the culprit. These types of infection can make bacteria and more fluid to stay in the mucous membranes. They wind up in the ear canal. The fluid gets trapped, which causes the membranes lining the canal that connects the throat area to the middle ear ( also called the Eustachian tube ) to inflame.

Swimmer’s ear is another offender if you’re feeling pain in your ears. This is caused by bacteria and water that gets trapped inside the ear canal. This is almost always because of wax build-up. Water gets inside the ear canal, and gets trapped. It proliferates inside and then causes infections.

Allergies can also be behind any ear pain you might be experiencing. The upper respiratory systems can get affected entirely because of allergies. When the infection happens, fluid build-up can happen in the ear. It then leaks out and causes more problems, becoming a middle ear infection.


Oral antibiotics is your go-to treatment most of the time. This of course needs a prescription from your doctor. The type of antibiotic would depend on how severe the infection is. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are also recommended to help ease the pain. More importantly, it would be best to take a rest from outdoor activities.  


Seek medical care as soon as possible. Ear infection is something that should be taken seriously especially for patients with high blood pressure, and the elderly. Decongestants can be harmful for them. It is also recommended that you go to a doctor immediately if you already experience sudden hearing loss either in one or both ears. If you think you are experiencing hearing problems, schedule a consultation with Beltone Audiology by calling us at (888) 210-5846. We can help!