There are different degrees of hearing loss. The treatment that your doctor will give you depends on how mild or severe your hearing loss is and what originally causes it. Oftentimes medical treatment alone is not enough to achieve a full recovery from your hearing disorder. In such cases, going under the knife is the best solution.
Surgical Procedures for Chronic Ear Infections
Chronic ear infection is a recurring ear infection that doesn’t heal and if left untreated, leads to conductive hearing loss. Severe cases of chronic ear infection require surgical treatment.
Bilateral Myringotomy and Tubes (BM-T)
- BM-T is a type of surgical procedure where small tubes are placed along in the small openings on both sides of your eardrums. This tube will drain the excess fluid from your ears. This type of surgery is both for parents and children with excessive ear fluid discharge.
Canalplasty for Exostosis
- Although exostosis is a harmless abnormal bone growth that multiplies frequently within the outer ear canal, it will lead to a chronic ear infection or conductive hearing loss if left untreated due to water and earwax entrapment. To remove these benign bone structures, a surgeon will conduct a canalplasty on the patient with exostosis. The canalplasty procedure is also used to widen a patient’s narrowed external auditory canal.
- A patient with perforated eardrum needs tympanoplasty. This surgical procedure helps in eliminating inner ear infections and reconstructs the eardrums. The surgeon will remove a piece of tissue from your ear and graft it over the eardrum thus, covering the area of perforation.
Surgical Procedures for Conductive Hearing Loss
Conductive hearing loss is a type of hearing loss that occurs within the middle ear. This happens when your ears lose its ability to conduct sound waves due to obstructions along your outer ear, ossicles, and eardrums.
- If the middle ear hearing bones or ossicles are absent or damaged, ossicular reconstruction is performed to repair that disorder which is either congenital or acquired through a chronic ear infection. During the procedure, a prosthesis made from titanium replaces the incus, malleus or all the three bones in the middle ear.
- Stapedectomy is a surgical procedure intended to cure otosclerosis or the hardening of the stapes’ base of our ears. Otosclerosis also causes an abnormal bone growth along the stapes which, if unremoved, will block the sound entering the ears, therefore, resulting in a conductive hearing loss. Your ear’s stapes is replaced with an artificial counterpart.
Surgery for Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Sensorineural hearing loss is a type of hearing loss that lies within the inner ear or within your sensory organ. It also occurs when the hair follicle in your ears or cochlea is damaged. And since our hair cells do not have the ability to regenerate, we need an artificial hearing alternative to hear again.
Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA)
- The BAHA implant is advisable to people with profound hearing loss in one of their ears. It is a titanium implant placed on a bone behind the ear.
- If you have a profound hearing loss in both ears, a cochlear implant is the best option for you. This implant streams the audio directly to the brain through the auditory nerves.
Middle Ear Implants
- If you have an extensive hearing loss, middle ear implants will work well with you. The middle ear implant is a small device attached to one of your middle ear’s bones.
Surgical procedures should only be taken upon your doctor’s advice. A patient will undergo various laboratory tests and physical examination before they qualify for the surgical treatment. Always remember to consult your hearing healthcare professional regarding your condition and ask what type of treatment is best for you. For more professional advice on hearing loss and hearing loss treatments, visit us now at Beltone Audiology or call us at (888) 210-5846.