Our auditory system is a complex network comprised of different essential components, which enable us to hear. With this complexity comes security measures in place to try and keep this structure of parts in good working condition.
However, these still do not make our ears totally resistant to damage and deficiency which means that abuse and carelessness on our parts may still very much have consequences on our ability to perceive sound. When this happens, hearing loss may occur. This disability may come at varying degrees and will not necessarily equate to total deafness.
Four Basic Types Of Hearing Loss
Auditory Processing Disorder
This is a condition in which a person’s brain has difficulty in interpreting information associated to sound. This means that the auditory system is fine but the problem can be on the coordination between the two.
People with this especially have a hard time distinguishing the differences between various sounds in words.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
The inner ear is the element which is impaired when speaking about this disability. The cochlea or auditory nerve (or at times both) has met harm and is not functioning properly, therefore it signals are not relayed appropriately to the brain.
Conductive Hearing Loss
A type of hearing loss brought about by an obstruction or damage towards the outer ear and inner ear, resulting in complications when sound proceeds towards the inner ear.This usually is found among children, though some adults may tend to acquire this.
Mixed Hearing Loss
By the name itself, it is a mixture of two types of hearing impairments, specifically conductive and sensorineural.
Causes Of Conductive Hearing Loss
Of the primary hearing impairments, is probably the least you should worry about as it is usually temporary, provided you’ll be responsible enough to be cautious and do what is needed to get rid of it.
Though this fluid plays a crucial role in protecting the passageways of your ear, ironically it can become an impediment to sound when enough of it builds up.
It’s recommended that you have this build-up removed by a healthcare professional but if really needed, their are over-the-counter products found in pharmacies that can help you with this ordeal.
The eardrum captures sound leading it to vibrate. This vibration is then sent to the inner ear by way of the tiny bones found in the middle ear.
Because of some factors the eardrum could become punctured and could even end up losing tension, eventually collapsing. Although, these cases are usually curable by a medical operation.
Named so because those who frequently swim are prone to this as it is caused by water stuck in the middle ear causing a proliferation of bacteria.
This is why athletes who are exposed to water a lot are advised to wear the appropriate ear plugs for protection.
Benign Growths or Malformations
The ear canal can become blocked by an abnormal increase in bone mass within which is triggered by cold temperatures. This is the ear’s way of protecting itself and keeping out the cold. Because of this sound is prevented from entering.
Other growths could happen in the ear canal, such as benign tumors or a narrowing of the passageway that is genetically obtained.